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Legislations

THE MAURITIUS METEOROLOGICAL SERVICES ACT 2019

Act No. 22 of 2019

 

I assent

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          PARAMASIVUM PILLAY VYAPOORY

2 October 2019                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Acting President of the Republic                                                                                              

_____________

           

ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS

Section

PART I – PRELIMINARY                                      

1. Short title                                                           

2. Interpretation        

PART II – MAURITIUS      METEOROLOGICAL SERVICES                                  

3. Establishment of the Mauritius Meteorological Services                               

4. Objects of the Mauritius Meteorological Services

5. Functions and powers of the Mauritius Meteorological Services

6. Director

7. Officers             

PART III – MISCELLANEOUS                           

8. Protection from liability                                          

9. Confidentiality                                                       

10. Powers of Minister

11. Regulations

12. Consequential amendments

13. Transitional provisions and savings

14. Commencement

 

_______________

 

An Act

To provide a regulatory framework for the establishment and operation of the Mauritius Meteorological Services

 

ENACTED by the Parliament of Mauritius, as follows –

 

PART I – PRELIMINARY

1. Short title

This Act may be cited as the Mauritius Meteorological Services Act 2019.

2. Interpretation

In this Act –

“Advisories” means bulletins indicating the presence and evolution of potentially dangerous hydro-meteorological or geological hazards;

“Climate services”   -

  1. means climate information; and
  2. includes products and services derived from climate information;

“Director” means the Director of the Mauritius Meteorological Services;

“Extreme weather” means weather which disturbs economic activity and/or the social welfare and/or well-being of people;

“Extreme weather events” –

  1. means tropical storm, tropical cyclone, heavy rain, torrential rain, flood, flash flood, high waves, storm surge, and drought;
  2. includes any other weather condition likely to endanger life or property;

“ICAO” means the International Civil Aviation Organisation;

“IOC” means  the UNESCO Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission;

“MAURITIUS FIR” means the Flight Information Region which is the specified region of airspace for the Republic of Mauritius  as defined by ICAO within which flight information and alerting services are provided by the Mauritius Meteorological Services;

 “Mauritius Meteorological Services” means the Mauritius Meteorological Services established under section 3;

“METAREA VIII (S)” means the geographical sea region of the South Indian Ocean designated by the WMO–IOC Joint Technical Commission for Oceanography and Marine Meteorology for the purpose of transmitting meteorological safety information to mariners under the Global Maritime Distress Safety System;

“Minister” means the Minister to whom responsibility for the subject of meteorology is assigned;

“Ministry” means the Ministry responsible for meteorology;

“officer”  –

  1. means an officer referred to in section 7; and
  2. includes the Director;

“supervising officer” means the supervising officer of the Ministry;

“World Meteorological Organisation” or “WMO” means the specialised agency of the United Nations whose mandate covers weather, climate and water resources.

PART II – MAURITIUS METEOROLOGICAL SERVICES

3. Establishment of the Mauritius Meteorological Services

For the purposes of this Act, there shall be, within the Ministry, a department to be known as the Mauritius Meteorological Services.

4. Objects of the Mauritius Meteorological Services

The Mauritius Meteorological Services shall be the official authority responsible for –

  1.  monitoring the evolution of weather and climate, including extreme weather, throughout the Republic of Mauritius;
  2. monitoring the progress of tsunami waves caused mainly by seismic activity; 
  3. providing weather forecasts, advisories and warnings for  the  welfare and safety of the general public;
  4. providing climate services for the sustainable socio-economic development of the Republic of Mauritius;
  5. fulfilling the international obligations of the Republic of  Mauritius under the conventions of the World Meteorological Organisation;
  6. fulfilling the international obligations of the Republic of Mauritius under the Convention on International Civil Aviation on Meteorological Service for International Air Navigation; and
  7. fulfilling such other weather or climate-related regional and international obligations as may be necessary.

5. Functions and powers of the Mauritius Meteorological Services

The Mauritius Meteorological Services shall –

  1. provide daily and seasonal weather forecasts and climate services;
  2. provide advisories and warnings for extreme weather events and tsunamis;
  3. provide advisories and warnings to ensure the protection and safety of – (i) maritime navigation within the METAREA VIII(S) (iI)aeronautical navigation within the MAURITIUS FIR
  4. provide customised weather forecasts for weather-sensitive socio economic sectors ;
  5. make, collect and exchange meteorological and other related observations in accordance with the procedures and  the standards of the World Meteorological Organisation;
  6. record, process and archive meteorological and other related observations for climatological, environmental, research, socio-economic and other purposes;
  7. monitor the state of the atmosphere and of the ocean on a local, regional and global scale;
  8. keep the entities  set  up  under  the  National  Disaster   Risk Reduction and Management Act informed of the evolution of weather and climate, including extreme weather;
  9. prepare, disseminate and supply meteorological data, information,  products and advice;
  10. conduct and assist in research and investigations in the field of meteorology and climatology;
  11. monitor, assess and conduct research on climate change, in particular on the science of climate change and sea level rise, and provide baseline information for the sustainable development of the Republic of Mauritius;
  12. promote and participate in regional and international cooperation programmes in meteorology, climate change and seismology;
  13. establish offices and stations for the observation of parameters related to weather and climate over land, in the atmosphere and in the oceans;
  14. arrange with any institution, authority or person to perform and record meteorological observations, in accordance with established standards of the World Meteorological Organisation;
  15. be responsible for the reception and transmission of meteorological data and information at local, regional and international levels;
  16. ensure optimum use of communication facilities for the transmission and reception of meteorological data and information at local, regional and international levels;
  17. promote education, sensitisation and awareness on weather and climate;
  18. act as the National Tsunami Warning Centre for Mauritius, receive advisories from Tsunami Service Providers, issue appropriate bulletins for the Republic of Mauritius and participate in the Intergovernmental Coordination Group of the Indian Ocean Tsunami Warning and Mitigation System; and
  19. do all such other acts or things as may be necessary or desirable for the attainment of its objects.
  1.  Director

There shall be a Director of the Mauritius Meteorological Services, who shall –

(a) be under the administrative control of the supervising officer;

(b) be responsible for the control, management and administration of the day to day business of the Mauritius Meteorological Services;

(c) be responsible for levying charges for forecasts, information, advice, services, and publications;

(d) be responsible for the execution of the policy of the Ministry on meteorological matters; and

(e) carry out such other assignments given to him by the Minister or the supervising officer.

7. Officers of the Mauritius Meteorological Services

(1) The supervising officer, in consultation with the Director, shall designate such officers as may be necessary to assist the Mauritius Meteorological Services in the proper discharge of its functions under this Act.

(2) The officers referred to in subsection (1) shall be public officers and shall be under the administrative control of the Director.

PART III – MISCELLANEOUS

8. Protection from liability

          (1) No liability, civil or criminal, shall be incurred by the Mauritius Meteorological Services or by an officer in respect of any act done or omitted in good faith in the performance of its or his functions or in the exercise of its or his powers under this Act.

          (2) This section shall be in addition to, and not in derogation from, the Public Officers’ Protection Act and, for the purposes of that Act, every officer shall be deemed to be a public officer or a person lawfully engaged,    authorised or employed in the performance of a public duty.

9. Confidentiality

          (1) No officer shall, during or after the tenure of his office, use or disclose any matter which came to his knowledge in the discharge of his functions, except -

                          (a) for the purposes of this Act; or

                          (b) where he is so required by a Court or under any enactment.

          (2) Any person who, without lawful excuse, contravenes subsection (1) shall commit an offence and shall, on conviction, be liable to a fine not exceeding 100,000 rupees and to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 2 years.

10. Powers of Minister

  1. The Minister may give such directions of a general character to the Director, not inconsistent with this Act, as he considers necessary in the public interest, and the latter shall comply with those directions.
  2. The Minister may require the Director to furnish such information in such manner and at such time as he may determine and the latter shall supply such information.
  3.  The Minister may set up such committees as may be necessary to assist the Mauritius Meteorological Services in the discharge of its functions under this Act.

 

11. Regulations

  1. The Minister may make such regulations as he thinks fit for the purposes of this Act.
  2. Any regulations made under subsection (1) may –

           (a) provide for the levying of fees and the taking of charges;

(b) notwithstanding any other enactment, provide for the supply, free of charge, of meteorological forecasts and other meteorological services, climate services, climatological data, advice, publications and reports; and

(c) provide that any person who contravenes them shall commit an offence and shall, on conviction, be liable to a fine not exceeding 100,000 rupees and to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 2 years.

 

12. Consequential amendments

(1) The Environment Protection Act is amended –

(a) in the Second Schedule, in the item “The Meteorological Services”, by deleting the word “The” and replacing it by the words “ The Mauritius”;

(b) in the Third Schedule –

                            (i) by deleting the following item –

                                “Meteorological Services”

                           (ii) by inserting, in the appropriate alphabetical order, the following new item –

                               “Mauritius Meteorological Services”

(c) in the Seventh Schedule, in item 16, by deleting the word “The” and replacing it by the words “The Mauritius”.

(2) The Mauritius Oceanography Institute Act is amended, in section 8(2) (l), by deleting the words “Meteorological Services” and replacing them by the words “Mauritius Meteorological Services”.

(3) The National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Act is amended, in section 23(2), by deleting paragraph “(h)” and replacing it by the following paragraph –

“(h) the Officer in Charge of the meteorological stations in Rodrigues”;

(4) The Outer Islands Development Corporation Act is amended, in section 6(2) (g), by deleting the words “Meteorological Services” and replacing them by the words “Mauritius Meteorological Services”.

(5) The Public Holidays Act is amended, in section 2, in the definition of “cyclone warning of class III”, by deleting the words “Meteorological Services” and replacing them by the words “Mauritius Meteorological Services”.

(6) The Rajiv Gandhi Science Centre Trust Fund Act is amended, in section 5(2) (k), by deleting the words “Meteorological Services” and replacing them by the words “Mauritius Meteorological Services”.

13. Transitional provisions and savings

(1) The Mauritius Meteorological Services shall, at the commencement of this Act, take over the functions and powers of the existing Mauritius Meteorological Services.

(2) The Director of the existing Mauritius Meteorological Services shall, at the commencement of this Act, be the Director of the Mauritius Meteorological Services.

(3) All officers of the existing Mauritius Meteorological Services shall, at the commencement of this Act, be officers of the Mauritius Meteorological Services.

(4) All assets and funds of the existing Mauritius Meteorological Services shall, at the commencement of this Act, vest in the Mauritius Meteorological Services.

(5) All rights, obligations and liabilities subsisting in favour of or against the existing Mauritius Meteorological Services shall, at the commencement of this Act, continue to exist under the same terms and conditions in favour of or against the Mauritius Meteorological Services.

(6) A reference in any enactment, arrangement, agreement or document to the Meteorological Services of Mauritius shall be construed as a reference to the Mauritius Meteorological Services.

(7) Where this Act does not make provision for any transition, the Minister may make such regulations as may be necessary for such transition.

14. Commencement

(1) Subject to subsection (2), this Act shall come into operation on a date to be fixed by Proclamation.

(2) Different dates may be fixed for the coming into operation of different sections of this Act.

 


 

The Mauritius Meteorological Services-Regulations (Warning)


Government Notice No. 8 of 2023
THE MAURITIUS METEOROLOGICAL SERVICES ACT 2019
Regulations made by the Minister under sections 5 and 11 of the Mauritius Meteorological Services Act 2019
1. These regulations may be cited as the Mauritius Meteorological Services (Warnings) Regulations 2023.
2. In these regulations –
“Act” means the Mauritius Meteorological Services Act 2019;
“gust” means the instantaneous peak value of surface wind
speed recorded or expected;
“heavy rain” means rainfall resulting in a minimum of 25 millimetres of rain in 30 minutes;
“heavy rain watch” means a communique issued not less than 12 hours, nor more than 24 hours, before heavy rain;
“intense tropical cyclone” means a tropical low system in which the average wind speed is estimated to be not less than 166, nor more than 212, kilometres per hour;

“moderate tropical storm” means a tropical low system in which the average wind speed is estimated to be not less than 63, nor more than 88, kilometres per hour;


“National Crisis Committee” has the same meaning as in the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Act;


“sea state” means the general condition of the sea, which may be –
(a) calm, with wave height of 0 to 0.1 metre;
(b) smooth, with wave height of 0.1 to 1.25 metres;
(c) moderate, with wave height of 1.25 to 2.5 metres;
(d) rough, with wave height of 2.5 to 4.0 metres;
(e) very rough, with wave height of 4.0 to 6.0 metres;
(f) high, with wave height of 6.0 to 9.0 metres;
(g) very high, with wave height of 9.0 to 14.0 metres; or
(h) phenomenal, with wave height of above 14 metres;


“severe tropical storm” means a tropical low system in which the average wind seed is estimated to be not less than 89, nor more than 117, kilometres per hour; “storm surge” means the difference between the actual water level caused by a meteorological disturbance and the water level which would have been attained in the absence of the meteorological disturbance;
“strong wind” means wind speed of not less than 40 kilometres per hour and gusts of not less than 90 kilometres per hour;
“swell wave” means an ocean wave system raised at a distance over the ocean due to winds blowing over that area;
“torrential rain” means weather conditions resulting in a minimum of 100 millimetres of widespread rains and which are
likely to continue for several hours;
“tropical cyclone” means a tropical low system in which the average wind speed is estimated to be not less than 118, nor
more than 165, kilometres per hour; “tropical depression” means a tropical low system, in which the
average wind speed is estimated to be not less than 51, nor more than 62, kilometres per hour;
“very intense tropical cyclone” means a tropical low system in which the average wind speed is estimated to exceed 212 kilometres per hour.


3. For the purpose of section 5 of the Act, the Mauritius Meteorological Services shall, in accordance with regulation 4, issue
warnings for –
(a) the Island of Mauritius or Rodrigues in the event of a tropical depression, a moderate tropical storm, a severe
tropical storm, a tropical cyclone, an intense tropical cyclone, a very intense tropical cyclone, heavy rain, a
heavy swell, a storm surge or strong wind;
(b) Agaléga or St Brandon in the event of a heavy swell, a storm surge or strong wind.


4. The Mauritius Meteorological Services shall –
(a) (i) in the event that a tropical depression, a moderate tropical storm, a severe tropical storm, a tropical
cyclone, an intense tropical cyclone or a very intense tropical cyclone is likely to affect the Island of Mauritius or Rodrigues, issue a –
(A) cyclone warning class I not less than 36 hours, nor more than 48 hours, before the occurrence of gusts of 120 kilometres per hour;
(B) cyclone warning class II so as to allow, as far as practicable, 12 hours of daylight before the occurrence of gusts of 120 kilometres per hour;
(C) cyclone warning class III so as to allow, as far as practicable, 6 hours of daylight before the occurrence of gusts of 120 kilometres per hour;
(D) cyclone warning class IV when gusts of 120 kilometres per hour are recorded in some places and are expected to continue;

(ii) following the issue of a cyclone warning class III or a cyclone warning class IV and subsequent observations indicating that the risk of cyclonic gusts of 120 kilometres per hour has abated and the cyclone is moving away, issue a safety bulletin for the purpose of –
(A) lifting the cyclone warning class III or cyclone warning class IV, as the case may be; and
(B) informing the public of the existence of any severe weather conditions associated with the cyclone and other environment risk, depending on the nature and extent of the damage occurred during the passage of the cyclone;

(iii) following the issue of a cyclone warning class I, a cyclone warning class II or a safety bulletin, as the case may be, issue a termination bulletin after consultation with, and following advice from, the National Crisis Committee to the effect that outdoor risks have considerably decreased;

(b) in the event of heavy rain, issue a –
(i) heavy rain watch;
(ii) heavy rain warning, as far as practicable, not less than 30 minutes, nor more than 6 hours, before the occurrence of heavy rain;
(iii) torrential rain warning, following observations indicating that accumulated rainfall has reached 100 millimetres in a given region or is likely to reach 100 millimetres in a given region in the ensuing hour, and the rain is expected to continue;
(c) in the event of a heavy swell, issue a heavy swell warning, as far as practicable, about 12 hours in advance before
swell waves of 4.0 metres or above are likely to affect the sea state in the vicinity of the Island of Mauritius,
Rodrigues, Agaléga or St Brandon;
(d) in the event of a storm surge, issue a storm surge warning, which may be included in a cyclone warning referred to in paragraph (a), when a tropical depression, a moderate tropical storm, a severe tropical storm, a tropical cyclone, an intense tropical cyclone or a very intense tropical cyclone is evolving close to the Island of Mauritius, Rodrigues, Agaléga or St Brandon;
(e) in the event of a strong wind, issue a strong wind warning, as far as practicable, about 12 hours in advance before wind speed of not less than 40 kilometres per hour, with gusts of 90 kilometres per hour, is likely to affect the Island of Mauritius, Rodrigues, Agaléga or St Brandon.
5. The regulations shall come into operation on 14 January 2023. Made by the Minister on 13 January 2023.
By Authority: Government Printing Depa rtment, La T our Koenig 3/01/2023 – 1025